The copper (Cu) It is one of the three metals that comprise what is called “the copper family” in the Periodic Table of the elements. The other three metals that make up this family are: silver (Ag), gold (Au) and roentgenium (Rg). Copper is characterized by being able to be found in nature in its pure or native state, that is, without combination with other elements.
Copper is the third most used metal in the world (the first are iron and aluminum) and it does not generate a negative environmental impact.
copper is a non-precious metal with high electrical conductivity. For this reason, it is used for the manufacture of electrical cables. It is also used for the manufacture of generators, motors and transformers. On the other hand, computer and telecommunications equipment require internal, integrated circuits, transformers or internal wiring whose conduction component is copper. More than a ton of copper is used to manufacture, for example, a wind turbine.
Specific uses and applications
- Technology. In the area of telecommunications, it is the most used metal for wiring, development of new technologies, and increased transmission effectiveness in electronic devices. In the electrical area, electronic equipment is manufactured with copper since its conductivity is greater than other metals and its duration as well. In relation to the manufacture of specialized machinery, copper is used because it is a thermally conductive metal, resistant to corrosion, very strong and is not magnetic. Also, due to these properties, it is used for the production of industrial parts.
- Transport. In transport, the presence of copper is essential. The engines, electrical systems, electronics of ships, cars, planes and trains use this metal.
- farming. In agriculture, it is used to compensate for the lack of said element in the soil.
- coins. Copper has been used since ancient times to make coins.
- Construction. In construction, copper is used for the manufacture of thermal systems, wiring, water and gas pipes.