The classifications that are made with respect to animals They are usually done due to their physiological character, their characteristics or their behavior in terms of feeding, breathing or reproductive modes.
However, there is a much more colloquial and human-centered differentiation, since the pre-eminence of people on earth made even animals think at some point as functional to the human beingSome of the animals function as company and as potential entertainment for people, and others, due to their ability to attack, are not.
The most common distinction is made in an opposition between wild and domestic animals.
The wild animals are those that live in freedom, since they have not been domesticated by man: it is important to note that the denomination does not refer to particular cases of animals but to species in general, so the condition of the wild cannot be for an individual but for the whole species. For instance: anaconda, lion, rabbit, hawk.
There are very large species of wild animals, as well as very small ones: the former are often not domesticated due to man’s fear of harm, while the smaller ones are not domesticated out of simple disinterest.
The realm in which they can live is the air, the Water or the same Earth, in which case obviously they will not appear in the regions where many people live, but quite the opposite: the nickname of savages comes from the word jungle, which is the place where they occur most frequently.
Obviously, these are places that man knows and has arrived, but that he chose to respect and leave intact for the maintenance of those species: natural reserves and National Parks they are established for the purpose of preserving some species.
There are times, however, when human interest goes beyond the survival possibilities of the species and even disappears, which in itself constitutes a great paradox: the human being does not domesticate species for fear of the damage that it can cause, but nevertheless he is capable with his indifference to destroy the entire species.
Examples of wild animals
The domestic animals They are those that have undergone a process of domestication, that is, of adaptation to the use that human beings want to make of it: sometimes, this process took up long stretches of time and involved changes in the behavior and even in the physiognomy of the animal. For instance: bees, cat, reindeer, cow.
There are of four types: company, farm, transport and laboratory. Domestic animals can be of different types, and sometimes man must adapt his form of enclosure for survival: cages for air animals, as well as aquariums or fish tanks for water animals are clear examples of the maintenance of the animal by the person, which must also include feeding and (sometimes) vaccination.
Many controversies They are opened around the domestication of animals, because sometimes there are very harmful effects for the creature: others argue, on the other hand, that in the case of domestic animals the company is mutual and the human is in charge of feeding and vaccinate the child.
For transport, breeding or laboratory animals the justification seems more difficult, although sadly the reason for these domestications has always been based on a need and a demand of the great majority.
Examples of domestic animals
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- Carnivorous animals
- Herbivorous animals
- Viviparous animals
- Oviparous animals