The scientific knowledge It is a set of proven knowledge, systematized and acquired in a systematic and methodical way through observation, experimentation and the analysis of facts or phenomena. For example: Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity, Pythagoras’ theorem, the water cycle.
Scientific knowledge is characterized by being universal, coherent, objective and precise. Its main objective is to explain and understand the phenomena of nature.
To gain this knowledge, use the scientific method, which includes procedures and rules that govern the work of scientists when researching and studying.
Scientific knowledge aims to achieve conclusions whose validity is universal. In addition, it aspires to understand the laws or processes that govern nature and explain them rigorously and precisely.
Characteristics of scientific knowledge
- Target. His findings do not contain a subjective or individual value, but a general one.
- Rational. Reason and intelligence are the kick.
- Explanatory. It illustrates phenomena and facts of nature through laws or principles that are common and are repeated over time.
- Universal. It is valid in all parts of the world, regardless of cultural differences.
- Methodical. He uses scientific methods and procedures to give rigor to his studies, analysis and observations.
- Grounded. Its foundation is the evidence and data acquired from rigorous analysis.
- Provisional. With the advent of new theories, a knowledge can be refuted.
- Verifiable. It can be verified through experience p.
- Communicable. It can be transmitted through scientific language.
What should a scientific theory be like?
- Accurate. Your deductions must be in accordance with the experiments and observations made.
- Fertile. Produces new research results.
- Simple. Order ideas that in isolation would generate confusion.
- Wide. Its consequences go beyond the laws and particular observations.
Examples of scientific knowledge
- Newton’s laws of motion. Newton’s laws are three principles that explain a good part of the ideas of classical mechanics, especially those related to the movement of bodies.
- The periodic table. Arrange the chemical elements in a table, organized according to their number of protons (“atomic number”), their chemical properties, and the configuration of electrons. Through this organization, periodic trends can be elucidated. For example, those elements that have an equivalent behavior are located in the same column.
- The Pythagorean theorem. Determine that in every right triangle the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the square root of the sum of the area of the squares of the respective lengths of the legs.
- The water cycle. Describe the process of transformation and circulation of water on planet Earth. According to this cycle, water changes its physical state (solid, liquid and gaseous) according to environmental conditions.
- Thales theorem. It establishes that if two lines are cut by parallel lines, the segments that they determine in one of the lines are proportional to the corresponding segments of the other. By means of this theorem, the length of a segment can be calculated if its corresponding in the other line and the proportion between the two are known.