50 Examples of Viruses (biology)

A virus it is a microorganism that causes different diseases. It is characterized by being made up of genetic material inside and being covered by a protein compound. The characteristic of viruses is that they enter the center of the cell and then reproduce within it. The size of the viruses varies between 20 and 500 millimicras.

They exist, around 5000 viruses identified. For instance: adenovirus, influenza A, rhinovirus. However, a virus can change (mutate) its genetic material, generating new viruses or viruses that are more resistant than their predecessors. This means that every virus spreads or reproduces in the presence of a cell that it has invaded, so the isolated virus cannot reproduce and can die.

Some viruses affect a single species, while others manage to affect several. The gravity (degree of mortality) of the virus will be related according to the cure (found or not) of it. Thus there are viruses that cannot be considered deadly at present, such as the mumps virus, while others, still without an apparent cure, are considered deadly, such as HIV (AIDS virus).

On the other hand, it is important to clarify that each organism fights the virus by which its cells have been infected. The state of the immune system of the affected living being, it will fight said virus. The better the state of the immune system, the more tools it will have to fight (with antibodies) the virus. These antibodies are found in the blood and are called lymphocytes.

human immune system - attacking viruses

Examples of viruses

  1. Adenovirus
  2. Arbovirus (encephalitis)
  3. Arenaviridae
  4. Baculoviridae
  5. Viral complexes LCM-Lassa (Old Continent arenavirus)
  6. Tacaribe viral complexes (New World arenavirus)
  7. Cytomegalovirus
  8. Yellow flavivirus (Yellow fever)
  9. Flu a
  10. H1N2, endemic in humans and pigs.
  11. H2N2, responsible for the Asian flu in 1957.
  12. H3N2, which caused the Hong Kong flu in 1968.
  13. H5N1, responsible for the pandemic threat in 2007-08.
  14. H7N7, which has unusual zoonotic potential33.
  15. Hantaan (Korean hemorrhagic fever)
  16. Hepatitis A, B, C
  17. Herpes simplex (herpes simplex)
  18. Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2
  19. Human herpesvirus 7
  20. Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8)
  21. Herpesvirus simiae (virus B)
  22. Herpesvirus varicella-zoster
  23. Megavirus chilensis
  24. Myxovirus Mumps (Mumps)
  25. Other LCM-Lassa Viral Complexes
  26. Papillomaviridae (Papillomas)
  27. Papovavirus (human papillomavirus)
  28. Paramyxoviridae:
  29. Mumps
  30. Parvovirus (Canine Parvovirus)
  31. Human parvovirus (B 19)
  32. Picornaviridae
  33. Poliovirus (Poliomyelitis)
  34. Poxvirus (contagious molluscum disease virus)
  35. Rhinovirus
  36. Rotavirus
  37. SARS
  38. Variola virus (Smallpox)
  39. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
  40. Belgrade virus (or Dobrava)
  41. Bhanja virus
  42. BK and JC virus
  43. Bunyamwera virus
  44. Coxsackie virus
  45. Epstein-Barr virus
  46. Hemorrhagic conjunctivitis virus (AHC)
  47. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (other strains)
  48. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (neurotropic strains)
  49. California encephalitis virus
  50. Newcastle disease virus
  51. Influenza (influenza) viruses types A, B, and C
  52. Hepatitis A virus (human enterovirus type 72)
  53. Parainfluenza virus types 1 to 4
  54. Varicella Zoster Virus (Varicella)
  55. Mumps virus
  56. Lassa virus
  57. Measles virus
  58. Dhori and Thogoto virus
  59. Echo virus
  60. Flexal virus
  61. Germiston virus
  62. Guanarito virus
  63. Junin virus
  64. Human lymphotropic virus B (HBLV-HHV6)
  65. Machupo virus
  66. Mopeia virus
  67. Oropouche virus
  68. Prospect Hill virus
  69. Puumala virus
  70. Respiratory syncytial virus
  71. Sabia virus
  72. Seoul virus
  73. Unnamed virus (formerly Muerto Canyon)