The descriptive texts are those that characterize the appearance of an element, which can be a fact, a person, a situation, an object, an animal, etc. Descriptive text (which can be oral or written) characterizes the look or feel of something. For instance: This was a tall, thin man. It seemed sad.
Although its name refers to the description of an element, descriptive texts do not have the function of detailing an element since these types of texts are known as narrative texts.
Some resources that descriptive texts use are:
- Nouns and adjectives.
- Verbs in present
- Verbs in the past imperfect
- Circumstantial of time, manner and place.
Types of descriptions
- Objective or subjective description. The objective description focuses on an impersonal story form and uses a general point of view. On the other hand, the subjective description shows a personal point of view, that is, the author’s thoughts and feelings are involved.
- Static or dynamic description. A static description refers to objects, places, or situations. In this type of text, verbs such as “ser” or “estar” predominate. In the dynamic description the text relates a process. In this case the predominant verbs are: “to approach”, “to move”, “to move away”, and so on.
Examples of descriptive texts
- Descriptive text of a plant: cacti
Cacti are plants of the family of Cactaceae. They are native to America but are also found in Africa and Madagascar. They are medium, large or small in size. Inside they contain a large volume of aloe as a reserve of liquid since they are plants found in desert climates (dry).
These cacti have attractive, solitary and hermaphrodite flowers, that is, unisexual. Its size varies according to each species. Thus, you can find large cacti (more than 2 meters) as small (a few centimeters).
- Descriptive text of an object: lamp
It is a receptor that converts energy. Although the lamp is commonly known as a unified object, the truth is that it can be divided into two parts: on one side is the luminary (which is the device that serves as a support) and the proper lamp which is the device that produces the light (bulb, bulb, etc).
Although originally the lamps only have the function of lighting a room or sector of the home, there are lamps of all kinds and a great classification can be made according to their age, their price, their durability, their style, etc.
- Descriptive text of the sale of a piece of furniture
The table consists of a 4 meter x 3.50 meter oak top and 4 oak chairs. The table has the extendable option, becoming a 6 meter long table. Both the table and the chairs have a layer of polish for the protection of the wood and its greater durability. In addition, the option of buying 2 or 4 more chairs is possible in case the buyer requires it.
- Descriptive text of the rental of a property
The apartment has 95 It has a northeast orientation overlooking the main garden of the building. It has 4 bedrooms, a living room, a breakfast room and covered garage.
The apartment is spacious, bright, with a view of the 4 cardinal points as it has large windows to take advantage of natural light. The services that are included with the rental of the property are: electricity, gas, drinking water and expenses.
As for the amenities that can be used, the building has a terrace, an indoor pool and a gym. All these services can be used by tenants or owners prior coordination of days and hours with the staff in charge.
- Descriptive text of a tree: the Ceiba tree
The Ceiba (or Ceibo) is a tree native to South America. This tree can be between 5 and 10 meters high. Ceiba trees of up to 20 meters have been found on certain occasions.
Currently the Ceiba can be found in the countries of Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Uruguay and Argentina. It mostly grows in places that flood easily.
Ceibo is not found in forests or in areas that are not easily flooded. It has a flower (the Ceiba flower) that has been declared as the national flower for the countries of Argentina and Uruguay.
- Descriptive text of a virus: H1N1
The H1N1 virus is a type of virus that is transmitted by contact with saliva, the air or by ingesting any product of animal origin that has been in contact with or has been a carrier of this virus.
The H1N1 virus has mutated into different subtypes such as the Spanish flu or the avian flu or the bovine flu. This resurgence of the virus and its variants is believed to have similarities to the influenza virus that appeared in 1918.
The current strain was introduced again to the world population in 1970 causing, since then, great complications from the point of view of health and a large number of deaths (more than 29,000 worldwide). Between the two strains (the 1918 and the 1970) there is only a difference of 25 or 30 amino acids of the 4,400 that make up the virus. For this reason it is considered a resurgence (or new strain) of that virus.
- Descriptive text of a pet
Ana’s dog is a large black dog. Mixed race. You have all the shots up to date. His name is “Puppy” and he is 14 years old. He is very obedient although he is already a little deaf. As he is very old, he sleeps all day.
- Descriptive text of a family
José Luis’s family is large. He has 9 siblings: 5 girls and 4 boys. He is the youngest of all his siblings. They all live in a small house that José Luis’s father built before he passed away. This house is located in the middle of an unpopulated area. His mother, Juana, works all day.
- Descriptive text of a region: The Netherlands
Holland is a region that belongs to the Netherlands, a country in Europe. The term “Netherlands” is often confused with “Holland” – Holland only includes 2 regions out of the 12 that make up the Netherlands. This territory is divided into two provinces or states since 1840, thus forming “North Holland” and “South Holland”.
- Descriptive text of an animal aspect: white tiger
The white tiger is a type of feline subspecies of the Bengal tiger. It has almost no orange pigmentation. It is for this reason that its fur is white and from there it derives its name. Despite the black stripes it maintains its pigmentation. Regarding their size or size, these tigers are usually slightly larger than the orange tigers. Due to this condition (lack of pigmentation), white tigers have been classified as exotic animals and are a source of great tourist attraction.