The Vertebrate animals are those endowed with a spine or vertebral column, which divides the body into two identical halves (bilateral symmetry). Normally its body can be divided into the head, trunk (thorax and abdomen) and tail. For example: dog, parrot, toucan, shark.
This classification includes more than 60,000 species current, as well as a significant number of fossils, since it is estimated that their evolutionary origin is at the beginning of the Paleozoic period, during the Cambrian explosion. The oldest known is the Haikouichtys, originated 525 million years ago.
With few exceptions, the reproduction of vertebrates is sexual, and their locomotor, circulatory, respiratory, endocrine, nervous, digestive and excretory systems are among the most complex known.
Examples of vertebrate animals
Broadly speaking, vertebrates can be grouped into five categories: Mammals, Reptiles, Fish, Birds, Amphibians:
|Vipers||Basilisks||Australian flying lizards|
|Crocodiles||Boas constrictors||Gila monsters|
|Aquatic turtles||Monitor||Pterosaurs (extinct)|
|Common lizards||Chameleons||Mosasaurs (extinct)|
|Komodo dragons||Tuátaras from New Zealand|
|Sea eels||Toad fish||Tuna|
|Barracudas||Japanese koi||Sword fish|
|Puffer fish||Tents||Abyssal fish|
|Clown fish||Sturgeon||Coelacanths (extinct)|
|Whale sharks||Moon fish|
|Axolotls||Running toads||African bullfrogs|
|Tree frogs||Giant toads||Chinese giant salamanders|
|Common salamanders||Gallipats||Microsaurs (extinct)|
|Rainbow frogs||Lungless salamanders||Lysorophians (extinct)|
|Darwin’s frogs||Seychelles frogs||Proteus|
|Common toads||Poisonous Cane Toads|