The operating systems they are the main software of a computer system and, therefore, are the basis that enables the user to effectively manage computer resources. Operating systems guarantee the computer interface and are therefore the central tool that unites the software, the hardware and the user. For instance: Mac OS X, Solaris, Fedora.
What are the operating systems for computers?
- Microsoft Windows. The most widely used operating system in the world, where all the information presented is graphical, allows several applications to be carried out at the same time and contains an easy way to perform tasks faster, by being guided step by step. Its massive characteristic makes it permanently rethought in order to make it more intuitive.
- Mac OS X. Apple operating system, fully integrated with Apple platforms such as iCloud, iMessage, as well as with the social networks Twitter and Facebook. It contains Apple’s own browser, Safari, and is proposed as competitive to Windows in various areas.
- GNU / Linux. The most important free software, which supports working with more than one microprocessor and allows all memory to be used as a cache.
- UNIX. Multitasking operating system, focused on communication by e-mails and on the connection to networks and their access.
- Solaris. Certified operating system as a version of UNIX, characterized by being very suitable for the symmetric procedure by supporting a large number of CPUs.
- FreeBSD. System also based on a version of UNIX, whose main characteristic is that it is a true open system because all its source code is. The size of the programs is reduced by having ‘shared libraries’.
- OpenBSD. Free operating system, running on several different types of hardware platform, recognized by many IT security professionals as the most secure UNIX system.
- Google Chrome OS. Google’s operating system, specifically designed to work with the cloud. The applications in the system are minimal, and it is characterized by simplicity and speed. In a system of this type the question of security becomes very important.
- Debian. Free software system, which is precompiled, packaged and in a simple format for different architectures and kernels. It also works with the Linux system.
- Ubuntu. Linux distribution with stable versions that are released every 6 months, which has Mozilla Firefox as its official browser and which includes advanced security functions.
- Mandriva. Linux system distribution, in constant development and with the characteristic of being the friendliest among Linux distributions. However, its only recognized unit is the / hdc reader.
- Sabayon. Operating system with its own binary package manager, with a graphical mode installer and with the characteristic of being very functional from the first moment.
- Fedora. Linux distribution project, which stands out in security and includes DVDs, CDs and USBs to install, as well as rescue in case the system fails or needs to be repaired.
- Linpus Linux. Operating system prepared for ultra-portable computers, based on Fedora. It is a fairly intuitive and simple system.
- Haiku (BeOS). Open source system under development (started in 2001), focused on personal computing and multimedia. It has an advanced core architecture, with capacity for multiple processors.
What are the mobile operating systems?
The aforementioned operating systems have the characteristic of having been configured to run on laptops or desktops. However, the recent emergence of the mobile devices like phones or tablets present new operating systems developed specifically for them.
These generally do not have all the functions of computers and therefore cannot be run with the same software. Here are some examples of operating systems for mobile devices:
- Windows Phone
- BlackBerry OS
- BlackBerry 10
- Symbian OS
- HP webOS
- Firefox OS
- Ubuntu Phone OS