The cientific text that one that contains the development of an investigation and that incorporates results and tests regarding a specific topic. For example: The origin of species, by Charles Darwin.
The main objective of the scientific text is to transmit knowledge in a rigorous way. To do this, it uses arguments, coherence and an expository order.
This class of texts can be found in manuals, specialized magazines or be a publication in itself, be it a book or a thesis.
Characteristics of scientific texts
- They are verifiable, universal, clear and precise.
- Its language is technical, which requires certain prior knowledge on the part of its receiver.
- They always detail who the author is, what their specialty or position is and a contact information (e-mail box or telephone).
- They are objective and expository.
- They detail the methods used during the investigation and the results obtained.
- They do not have a specific extension.
- They must have the endorsement of a committee of experts before publication.
- They present the result of a series of experimental investigations.
- They include an abstract and keywords.
- They specify if the research had a funding source.
- List the bibliographical references and citations used.
Parts of a scientific text
- Authors. List of principals and collaborators.
- Abstract. Summarize the content of the investigation and its main ideas.
- Introduction. It offers a first approximation of the subject that works as a starting point for the investigation.
- Developing. It can be presented in chapters.
- Thanks. They can refer to institutions or people who facilitated or made it possible to carry out the investigation.
- Bibliography. Details of all the material consulted in order to carry out the investigation.
Examples of scientific texts
- “The party as memory in the re-configuration of territories and the collective imaginary in the K’in Tajimol, a Mayan-Tsotsil carnival, Autonomous Municipality of Polhó, Chiapas”, by Martínez González and Rocío Noemí, in Alternative Journal of Rural Studies (2019).
- “Association between physical exercise and mental health in 1 2 million people in the US between 2011 and 2015: a cross-sectional study”, by Sammi R Chekroud, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Amanda B Zheutlin, Martin Paulus, Harlan M Krumholz, John H Krystal, et al., in The Lancet Psychiatry (August 2018).
- “Mortality in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria”, by N. Kishore et al., in The New England Journal of Medicine (July 2018).
- “The lie spreads more than the truth”, by Soroush Vosoughi, Deb Roy, et al., in Science (March 2018).
- “Experiments on hybridization of plants”, by Gregor Mendel, in Yearbook of the Natural History Association of Brno (1866).