Examples of Scientific Texts

The cientific text that one that contains the development of an investigation and that incorporates results and tests regarding a specific topic. For example: The origin of species, by Charles Darwin.

The main objective of the scientific text is to transmit knowledge in a rigorous way. To do this, it uses arguments, coherence and an expository order.

This class of texts can be found in manuals, specialized magazines or be a publication in itself, be it a book or a thesis.

Characteristics of scientific texts

  • They are verifiable, universal, clear and precise.
  • Its language is technical, which requires certain prior knowledge on the part of its receiver.
  • They always detail who the author is, what their specialty or position is and a contact information (e-mail box or telephone).
  • They are objective and expository.
  • They detail the methods used during the investigation and the results obtained.
  • They do not have a specific extension.
  • They must have the endorsement of a committee of experts before publication.
  • They present the result of a series of experimental investigations.
  • They include an abstract and keywords.
  • They specify if the research had a funding source.
  • List the bibliographical references and citations used.

Parts of a scientific text

  • Qualification.
  • Authors. List of principals and collaborators.
  • Abstract. Summarize the content of the investigation and its main ideas.
  • Introduction. It offers a first approximation of the subject that works as a starting point for the investigation.
  • Developing. It can be presented in chapters.
  • Thanks. They can refer to institutions or people who facilitated or made it possible to carry out the investigation.
  • Bibliography. Details of all the material consulted in order to carry out the investigation.

Examples of scientific texts

  1. “The party as memory in the re-configuration of territories and the collective imaginary in the K’in Tajimol, a Mayan-Tsotsil carnival, Autonomous Municipality of Polhó, Chiapas”, by Martínez González and Rocío Noemí, in Alternative Journal of Rural Studies (2019).
  2. “Association between physical exercise and mental health in 1 2 million people in the US between 2011 and 2015: a cross-sectional study”, by Sammi R Chekroud, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Amanda B Zheutlin, Martin Paulus, Harlan M Krumholz, John H Krystal, et al., in The Lancet Psychiatry (August 2018).
  3. “Mortality in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria”, by N. Kishore et al., in The New England Journal of Medicine (July 2018).
  4. “The lie spreads more than the truth”, by Soroush Vosoughi, Deb Roy, et al., in Science (March 2018).
  5. “Experiments on hybridization of plants”, by Gregor Mendel, in Yearbook of the Natural History Association of Brno (1866).