The Discrimination in the work area It is the distinction that is made in the treatment between people who share the same job, according to criteria motivated by race, skin color, religion, sex, political opinion or any criterion completely unrelated to the work act itself same. For instance: not taking into account the opinion of a worker because she is a woman.
Job discrimination is what opposed to fair and equitable treatment at work, which is essential in order to achieve a good coexistence that allows everyone to consider work as a place where it is not torture or disgrace to attend, but the absence of these discriminations is also essential to achieve the maximum worker productivity: all studies in recent times agree that frustration and reluctance produce the exact opposite.
Discrimination in the workplace can be classified according to the hierarchical conditions of who receives it and who produces it. It happens that although they are all repudiable, the episodes of discrimination that occur within a hierarchical link, and those that occur from the lowest to the highest links, constitute mere episodes of discrimination.
When discrimination comes from upper strata to the inferiors, the event is confused with a demonstration of power that in turn is tinged with the habitual inability of the worker to change jobs, thus having a double harmful effect.
Undoubtedly, one of the most widespread cases of employment discrimination in the world is that of the low participation of women in jobs. Not only because there are many companies that do not even conceive of hiring women for hierarchical positions, but because in the world there is a strong trend towards the establishment of a large salary gap between men and women: depending on the region of the world, the Differences can range between 10% and up to 30 or 40% less than men’s wages for the same activity.
Many companies argue that this difference is explained by the need to cover many additional costs that women have by law, such as the days of pregnancy: this is why it is necessary to adjust most of the laws in order to achieve equal responsibilities in the greater possible number of areas.
The state they tend to place great emphasis on their concern for the elimination of all forms of employment discrimination. The United States, for example, from the second half of the 20th century formed part of a large number of treaties to this effect: The Civil Rights Act, Equal Pay Act, Age Employment Discrimination Act, Americans with Disabilities Act, and Public Service Reform Act contain excerpts specifically dedicated to fighting discrimination in the workplace. However, in many cases the application is still pending, and any attempt to intervene to ensure its implementation clashes argumentatively against the highly valued freedom of enterprise.
Examples of employment discrimination
The following list exposes some cases of employment discrimination.
- Elimination of a person from a selection process because of the race from which they came.
- Not taking into account the opinion of a worker because she is a woman.
- In a job interview, ask the political orientation and assess that for hiring.
- Do not accept the rights of religious holidays that correspond to people who profess any cult.
- Do not conceive that a person who does not have full motor skills can work.
- Sexual harassment from a boss to a secretary.
- Obligation to hide the sexual condition of a person to belong to a certain job (typical in the case of armies).
- Breach of labor rights in the case of pregnancy.
- Believing that a person, because they are older than a certain age, is not qualified for a job that has nothing to do with the strength or other skills of youth.
- Terminate someone’s employment contract for contracting a disease.