To start referring to mistreatment Y domestic violence, we must first define the concept of violence in its broad and first form, since it will be the one that we will use as a reference to define the different classifications of violence.
- Violence. It’s about a Deliberate conduct that causes physical or psychological harm to another. It is about imposing something by force, it is about forcing or obtaining something by force, be it an object or a person. Violence needs a victim and a perpetrator. Beyond the physical aggression caused, violence can leave emotional consequences on the person in which it is generated, as well as physical consequences.
- Domestic violence. This kind of violence occurs within – within – the family bosom. It is usually a common form of violence, although few events are reported out of fear or shame. They consist of different ways of exercising this type of violence, either isolating the individual, intimidating him, accusing, denying, threatening or physically and emotionally abusing one or more members of the family.
Classification of domestic violence
Within the various ways in which domestic violence can develop, there are subdivisions that speak about the recipient of the aggression and who is the one who provokes it. In addition, depending on the abuse that is used, we can also classify it:
- Physical violence The perpetrator uses fear and aggression, in such a way that he paralyzes his victim and causes bodily harm, either with blows or objects, both found in the place or specially brought. In most cases of domestic violence, the parents are those responsible for promoting this type of abuse and, although they are the fewest, cases have also been observed in which it is the woman who beats her children and husbands . Some experts have highlighted that physical abuse is strictly related to emotional or psychological abuse.
- Sexual violence The cases in which the perpetrator demands the victim (depriving her of her freedom) to have sexual relations or some contact of this nature, without the consent of the other party, are highlighted. In general, the aggressor aims to offend and dominate the other person, and within this classification, we can find the following types of sexual violence:
- Incest. For example, it is that type of sexual relationship in which people who share or descend from the same blood conceive a relationship with the consent of both parties, whatever the way that such conviction is realized.
- Sexual abuse It occurs when an individual requires another to satisfy their needs in the sexual field, be it by exposing their genitals or touching their body without their consent. This type of abuse can occur anywhere, not just within the family. The violation itself is carried out when the victim resists being penetrated, either by the perpetrator, objects or parts of his body; either through the vagina, the anus or the oral cavity. This fact takes place in an area of fear, which is intended that the victim does not make the corresponding complaint, even more so if it is a family member who is the victimizer.
- Emotional violence As its name implies, it hurts the emotions; that is, through humiliation, insults, threats and / or prohibitions, the perpetrator hurts a member of his family. This generates in the victim a feeling of insecurity that is directly reflected in self-esteem, both in those who suffer it firsthand, as in those who witness this type of violence. The aggressor tends to emotionally manipulate the victims, wanting to show himself as a protector and then continue proceeding in a violent manner.
- Economic violence. A subject can cause an imbalance in the victim, accusing a greater financial income or taking advantage of that situation, to impose sanctions or remove material assets. It is also considered economic violence when the husband does not want his wife to work or vice versa, even without her consent. This type of violence, perhaps, is more visible than physical, since these threats, insults and offenses are carried out both in private and in public.
Types of abuse
- Child violence. For example, it is a constant mistreatment of the little ones in the house and within it two groups can be differentiated:
- Active violence. It is one in which the child is sexually, physically or emotionally abused.
- Passive violence. It occurs when a person is abandoned and this can be both physical and emotional. Passive violence is also considered to be those children who witness violence in the home.
- Marital violence. It is about that type of violence caused in romantic relationships. Within this, we find mistreatment of women or gender violence, which includes both physical abuse, as well as emotional, sexual or economic abuse. Cross violence is about that type of violence that is carried out mutually and can also occur physically, emotionally, sexually or financially.
- Abuse towards the man. Which is usually promoted by women, although it is in a smaller number of cases, and is carried out in a physical, emotional, economic or sexual way.
- Abuse of the elderly. Just as women are considered the weaker sex, the elderly and children are considered the weakest age group, and therefore abuse of the elderly is also possible within the family.
Unfortunately, in these times, there are more and more cases related to violence against women. There are even societies in the world where women are forced to marry a man who chooses them or, worse still, buys them. Although it is a tradition of the Eastern world, within the Western world this is a form of violence against the female gender.
The gender violence against women has acquired a great presence in the mass media, as well as in the daily life of society. And this type of violence occurs against women because they are considered weaker.
Any type of the aforementioned cases of violence, must be reported, so that those who promote this mistreatment and emotional abuse can be captured, not only to protect oneself, but also to be an example against future cases of gender violence.