The journalistic texts They are those that are published in the media, whether they are magazines, newspapers or news portals.
Its main function is to inform, comment on or analyze an issue that is of relevance to citizens. According to its format, extension and approach to the subject, there are different journalistic genres such as news, chronicles or interviews.
In addition, they can deal with a wide variety of topics: politics, economics, international information, sports, entertainment, education, among others.
- The news. It is a short text, written in a neutral tone that aims to inform about some new and relevant fact. The story should answer the questions: What? When? Where? How? Why? In general, these questions should be answered in the first paragraph of the text, so that the reader can get a general idea of the news event.
- The editorial. It is a text in which the journalistic medium expresses its position on a certain issue, which is usually part of the day’s agenda. As is the position of the medium and not of a particular journalist, it never bears a signature.
- The opinion piece. Unlike the editorial, the opinion article always bears a signature since in this text a journalist expresses his position, introducing data and arguments on a certain topic. For the preparation of these articles, the medium must have reported on the subject in question, so that the reader has their own tools to disagree or not with the opinions of the author.
- The interview. It is a conversation between a journalist (who is limited to asking questions) and an interviewee (who is limited to answering). The participants of an interview do not exchange roles: what matters is what the interviewee has to say, either because he is a relevant personality, because of his knowledge, ideas or experience. Generally, these texts are written in question-answer format and contain an introduction in which the journalist makes a brief review of the figure, contextualizes and gives his impressions about the interviewee. On other occasions, the responses of the interviewee are interspersed with paragraphs in which the journalist introduces relevant or colored data, in addition to their impressions and contextualizations.
- The chronic. The word “chronicle” comes from chronos, which means “time.” These texts chronologically narrate events that happened over time and are characterized by being extensive, with certain literary twists and abundant descriptions, in which the journalist introduces personal assessments and perceptions regarding the events narrated.
- The report. It is a text that deals with a specific topic in a deep way. It requires an important preliminary research work and the preparation of interviews with different people involved in the subject. All this content must be reflected in the text, which is usually long and written with certain literary resources so that it is attractive to the reader. In addition, reports often include photographs that complement the information.
- Criticism. It is a text in which the journalist expresses his opinion, through value judgments, regarding some artistic work. In addition to the analysis made by the journalist, these texts must include expository information about the work being analyzed.
Examples of journalistic texts
- Crisis in Chile: Piñera announces that his country will not host the APEC meeting or the COP-25 Climate Change Conference
- Forever 21 files for bankruptcy in the United States
- A dream 2019 for the Springboks: Rugby Championship and World Cup Champions
- Nicolás Maduro brings Christmas forward
- Facebook gained 27% less until September, but continues to grow in users
- Prisons or dens?
- Brexit, no certainty
- From legitimate outrage to unacceptable terrorism
- Compelling strategies must be activated so that young people do not seek to emigrate or sink into crime
- Ballot, fanaticism and discomfort
- Karl and Groucho Marx in Catalonia
- Two centuries later, another Spring of the Peoples?
- On the 28th the fight for the remaining dollars is over
- The Ministry of Education should be in the hands of a woman
- The challenge of governing without globalization and without populism
- Martín Caparrós: ”I feel that businessmen who used to buy favors from the State with money now do so with information”
- From Buenos Aires: exclusive interview at Ricardo Darín’s house
- The ROLLING STONE Interview: Bonus
- Interview with Alan Pauls: “Reading is a kind of happy addiction”
- Interview with José Mujica: “Bolsonaro’s promises may be worse than reality”
- The yes of the children, by Martín Caparrós.
- The trace of the bones, by Leila Guerriero.
- Travesía del Widki, by Alberto Salcedo Ramos.
- Asalto la Palacio, by Gabriel García Márquez.
- The predator of San Cristóbal, from Sinal Alvarado.
- 30 years after the end of the wall that divided two worlds: why the Berlin Wall was built and what it meant for the Cold War
- The drama of living without water in Venezuela
- US – Mexico Border: Images Illustrating the “Tipping Point” Reached by the Migrant Crisis
- Islamic State: the threat continues
- El Salvador, death around every corner
- The man who loved the dogs
- The Rolling Stones made fans delirious in La Plata
- “Succession”: a fascinating series about egos, power and millionaire frivolity
- Very good Review of “Bohemian Rhapsody”, the Queen movie: We will move you
- Martín Caparrós is measured with Echeverría, national and tragic poet
Examples of emblematic journalistic texts
- Cold-bloodedby Truman Capote.
- News of a kidnappingby Gabriel García Márquez.
- Operation Massacreby Rodolfo Walsh.
- The Exquisite Left of Mau-Mauandoal Bumperby Tom Wolfe.
- Interview with Historyby Oriana Fallaci.
- The football war and other reportsby Ryszard Kapuściński.
- The dictator, the demons and other chroniclesby Jon Lee Anderson.
- The passion according to Trelew, by Tomás Eloy Martínez.
- Portraits and encountersby Gay Talese
- Robbery for the crownby Horacio Verbitsky.
- Ten days that shook the worldby John Reed.
- Voices from Chernobylby Svetlana Alexievich.
- Suicides at the end of the worldby Leila Guerriero.
- Hungerby Martín Caparrós.