The equity it is impartiality both in the treatment and in the distribution of goods and opportunities. Equity is not “giving everyone the same” but giving each one what corresponds to him, that is to say that the differences of each case are taken into account. For example: wage equity, payment for overtime, access to education.
The Social equity or social justice They are the practices that aim to ensure that all people have access to the same opportunities for professional and economic development, as well as access to health and education.
In countries where the income of different sectors of the population is very unequal, the State must be responsible for ensuring social equity. Other sectors may suffer from Social inequality not only for economic reasons but also for other forms of discrimination such as ethnicity, religion or sexual orientation.
It is called gender equality or gender equality to the measures and policies that tend to guarantee the same rights for men and women.
Examples of fairness
- pay equity. That employees who perform the same functions and have the same amount of work are paid the same salary, regardless of their gender, ethnicity, age, sexual orientation or any other individual characteristic.
- overtime pay. Equity also means that the greater the work, the greater the profit. Therefore, if an employee works more than others at the request of the company, fairness indicates that they must receive an extra percentage or obtain some other type of benefit.
- Labor quota laws. In different societies there are groups that are discriminated against and therefore do not get the same job opportunities. That is why labor quota laws are developed that require companies to have a certain minimum percentage of employees who belong to the discriminated group. These laws can include women, different ethnic groups or races or, as is currently the case in Argentina, the inclusion of transsexual people.
- Access to education. The free distribution of school supplies, books, netbooks and overalls in state schools in disadvantaged areas facilitates access to education for children who come from families that could not afford these expenses. The distribution of breakfasts and school canteens also facilitate school attendance. However, not all students need this help, so not all schools have it.
- State mortgage loans. Banks make loans at high rates because, as businesses, their goal is to make money. That’s also why they don’t give loans to people who might have a hard time repaying them. However, the State can grant loans to people with limited resources and with lower interest rates, allowing the purchase of their own homes to people who otherwise would not have been able to access them.