The 10 main cities of Argentina

According to the standards of the Argentinian republic, a city is considered to be any human settlement that exceeds 10,000 inhabitants in total, so that almost 70% of the country’s population lives in cities. 91 of them exceed 100,000 inhabitants and are almost all located in the Province of Buenos Aires, the most densely populated in the country.

However, the areas of higher urban growth They are currently the coastal, the coast and the central region, as well as the enormous urban conglomerate of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (or Federal Capital), the largest in the country, which includes large satellite cities integrated into the so-called suburban belt.

This is in stark contrast to the Patagonian region, very sparsely populated due to its enormous distances and its arduous climatic conditions.

Argentine cities can be classified according to their main economic activity in:

  • Ports. Taking advantage of the coasts of the southern territory or of the hydrographic network of the Paraná, Uruguay and Río de la Plata rivers.
  • Industrial. Dedicated to oil or mining extraction mainly.
  • University. Accompanied by large universities and inhabited mostly by student population from all corners of the country.
  • Tourist. With a significant national and international influx.
  1. Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires

Urban mass of around 13,000,000 inhabitants (2010), which includes both the Federal Capital (the city of Buenos Aires proper), as well as the belt of satellite cities integrated urbanistically and labor-based to it, called the suburbs or the province.

Its about greater settlement of the country (2681 kmtwo surface) and the second in South America, as well as one of the best-known cities in the world, of considerable tourist, cultural and commercial importance. Its proximity to the Río de la Plata has been the source of an outstanding commercial activity, a gateway to and from the country, as well as inspiration for numerous artists and poets.

  1. Cordova

cordoba min

Located in the homonymous province and referred to as The learned, due to the presence in its interior of the National University of Córdoba with more than 400 years old, as well as the first private university in the country: the Catholic University of Córdoba, this city of around 1,700,000 inhabitants (2010) It is considered the second most important human conglomerate in the country.

Located in the heart of the Argentine territory, in one of the largest provinces tourism potential from the central region, it played an important role in national history as an eventual counterweight to Buenos Aires and a bastion of Catholicism in the region, as evidenced by its many churches of the time.

  1. rosary beads

rosary beads

Located in the southeast of the province of Santa Fe next to the Paraná River and with a total metropolitan population of more or less 1,200,000 inhabitants (2010), it is the third most important city in the country and an educational, commercial and financial center of national interest, since about 70% of cereals produced in the country is exported through it.

It is known as cradle of the flag, and it is the place of origin of Argentine artists and personalities such as Fito Páez, “che” Guevara, cartoonist Quino and soccer player Lionel Messi. Like Buenos Aires, it consists of a main urban area and a peripheral satellite conglomerate.

  1. Mendoza


With around 1,000,000 of inhabitants (2010), the capital of Mendoza and its urban belt occupy an area of ​​168 kmtwo very close to the Andes Mountains and the border with Chile.

It’s a city cosmopolitan, nourished by the migration of neighboring countries and by the European immigration of the 20th century, whose economic and commercial role in the region is highly appreciated, as well as its enormous tourist potential and its wine growing, for which it is known as the Capital International Wine.

  1. Silver

Cathedral of La Plata

Capital of the Buenos Aires provinceSince the Federal Capital is considered an autonomous city, it is located 56km from it and is a university city (University of La Plata) whose perfectly geometric layout is recognized.

Between 1952 and 1955 it was called Ciudad Evita Perón, and today it brings together a total of almost 900,000 inhabitants between its urban center and peripheral towns. One of its main icons is the Cathedral of La Plata, the largest in the country.

  1. San Miguel de Tucumán


Capital and largest city of the province of Tucuman northwest of the nation, is known as The Republic Garden due to the exuberant jungle (yunga) that the province shares with Chaco, Jujuy and Bolivia.

In the city of San Miguel de Tucumán the Declaration of Independence of Argentina was produced in 1816, which gives it an outstanding patriotic iconicity. It has a population of about 800,000 inhabitants (2010) in the entire metropolitan area, the most important in the entire northern region of the country.

  1. Mar del Plata


Coastal city in the southeast of the province of Buenos Aires, which overlooks the coast of the Argentine Sea, it is one of the most powerful tourist muscles in the region during the summer, during which its population increases more than 300%.

It is also an important fishing center, with more than 600,000 inhabitants (2016), and enjoys outstanding sports participation in the country.

  1. Jump


The city of Salta, nicknamed The cute, is one of the most important cities in northern Argentina, both in demographic terms (more than 500,000 inhabitants, according to the 2010 census) and culturally, focused on historical and museum preservation, literature and music.

Of great tourist potential, since it is located in the Lerma Valley (1187 masl), with a humid and pleasant climate, lavish in natural landscapes and vineyard areas (the highest in the world).

  1. Santa Fe

Santa Fe

Capital of the homonymous province, this city of more than 500,000 Inhabitants is one of the main educational centers of the country, led by the Universidad Nacional del Litoral.

Known as The cordial and located next to the Paraná River, it is linked by a tunnel under the river with the city of Gran Paraná (265,000 inhabitants according to the 2010 census), in addition to being the city in which the Argentine Constitution was signed for the first time, which also gave the name of Cradle of the constitution.

  1. San Juan

San Juan

The metropolitan area of ​​this city, capital of the province of the same name, contains around some 470,000 inhabitants (2010) and is the largest in the entire Cuyo region.

It is located in the Tulum Valley, in a dry temperate climate at the foot of the Andean Cordillera, surrounded by a space of aridity that has earned it the nickname of Oasis city. It is of tourist importance thanks to the San Juan Wine Routes, the nearby reservoirs, hot springs and streams, as well as the National Sun Festival and its proximity to Chile.